A human body is a complex combination of cells that form various organs that perform some basic vital functions. Apart from the basic vital organs and organ systems that make living processes seem easy, there is much more to the human body.
A number of biochemical reactions occur in our bodies with the help of enzymes that act as catalysts. These processes are important as they aid in the other complex processes of digestion and energy manufacturing, which is essential to our being.
Just like every other intelligent organism, our body also takes protective measures in order to protect us from external agents that could be harmful for our life functions and sometimes, may even become fatal.
THE IMMUNE SYSTEM: DEFENCE AT ITS BEST
Human beings have evolved over hundreds of years and rightfully gained their topmost rank in ecology. There is no other living organism that we know of, that can compete with the intelligence and the efficiency of a human body.
An organism this evolved is not immune to the dangers outside. Our body requires an optimum internal environment in order to promote a healthy functioning of the body functions. This means that external agents like pathogens and bacteria which are harmful to our internal body functions must be fought away.
The immune system, which can be thought of as a defence system of our body is responsible for keeping us safe from the external dangers which we cannot see or comprehend. For example, say we have a cut on the skin. The body will quickly make the blood flow stop by coagulation and clot formation. But even after that, since the cut is exposed, our immune system constantly fights the bacteria and the germs that may affect the wound.
FEVER: A WAY OF FIGHTING INFECTIONS
Our immune system knows what’s best for us. It already knows how to fight the most basic pathogens, bacteria and even some forms of viruses. Sometimes, it needs a little bit of help in the form of vaccinations.
Sometimes, when the body is trying to fight certain infections or germs, it raises up the body temperature and this is when we have a fever. Why does the body do it? So that the bacteria can be killed, as most germs cannot survive a high temperature. A fever may sometimes accompany another infection or the attack of germs on our bodies.
Fever is basically when the body temperature rises above the normal, 98.6 degree fahrenheit. It generally causes weakness and makes the body lethargic. The bio enzymes that often aid in various biochemical processes have an optimum temperature that they perform in, and when the body temperature rises, it becomes hard for the body to continue performing the life functions with the same efficiency.
INFECTIONS AND DISEASES THAT CAUSE FEVER
Fever is a way of the body’s immune system responding to the attack of germs in our bodies. That does not mean that it is harmless. In many cases, especially in children, fever can have a number of dangerous effects on the brain and cause other fatal disorders. It is important to check with a medical professional if it stays for a long time.
Some diseases and infections that generally cause a fever in the human body are:
One of the most common and deadly infections caused by a specific type of aedes species of mosquitoes. These types of infected mosquitoes also spread other dangerous diseases like chikungunya and zika.
Apart from other symptoms like rash, headache and eye pain, fever is the most commonly seen symptom and also a consequence of being infected by the dengue virus. In case one is affected by the dengue virus, they would show a very high body temperature, around 104 degree fahrenheit and this is one of the specific signs of dengue.
Dengue is a severe health condition that requires immediate professional help, as in some cases, it may turn to a fatal condition, especially among children. Apart from medical help, make sure to drink plenty of fluids and take rest if infected by the dengue virus.
If one ingests contaminated food or water, the body may get attacked by a bacteria called salmonella typhi. It is a type of bacterial infection that needs immediate professional care from a doctor.
The symptoms of typhoid include a fever which may start mild but rise daily upto 104.9 degree fahrenheit. Apart from fever one may also experience headache, diarrhoea or constipation, loss of appetite and stomach pain.
Without medical help, one may become delirious and experience something called a typhoid state. In case of children, seek immediate help.
In some cases, an infection may develop in any one or more than one organs of the urinary system, especially in women. Due to the different anatomy of the male and female bodies, women are more prone to urinary tract infections.
A fever may accompany other symptoms of UTI like pain in the bladder area or burning sensation while urination. One should seek professional medical help in case the fever is high or there is blood in the urine.
In some cases, a UTI may not heal by itself so one should take antibiotics to fight the bacterial infection after consulting a doctor.
Even though fever is a way of our body trying to fight the dangerous infections by itself, it is important to consult a medical professional in case the fever is very high or does not lower after a number of days. In many cases, the person may be suffering from a serious disorder which may need special diagnosis and treatment from a doctor, failing which, even a minor infection may develop into a serious illness and prolonged suffering.